In this article, we will explore the concepts of Pivot and Unpivot in SQL, focusing on how to convert rows to columns and vice versa. Before diving into the technical details of these operations, let’s first understand what pivot and unpivot mean in the context of SQL.

Understanding Pivot and Unpivot

In SQL Oracle, Pivot and Unpivot are relational operators used to transform data in a SQL table, providing a simplified view of the information. The Pivot operator converts unique values from one column into different columns, effectively converting rows to columns. On the other hand, the Unpivot operator does the opposite, transforming different columns into rows based on unique column names.

Why Pivot and Unpivot?

The ability to pivot and unpivot data in SQL offers several advantages. It allows us to restructure our data for better analysis, reporting, and visualization. By converting rows to columns or vice versa, we can gain insights from our data that might not be immediately apparent in its original format.

How to Pivot in SQL

To pivot data in SQL, we need to identify a column with unique values that we want to convert into separate columns. We can then use aggregation functions, such as SUM or COUNT, to populate these new columns with relevant data. By using the PIVOT keyword and specifying the necessary conditions, we can achieve the desired transformation.

How to Unpivot in SQL

On the other hand, when we want to convert columns into rows, the Unpivot operator comes into play. We need to select the columns we want to transform and specify the new column that will contain the values. The Unpivot operation allows us to normalize our data, making it easier to perform certain types of analysis.


In this article, we have explored the concepts of Pivot and Unpivot in SQL. We have learned how to convert rows to columns using the Pivot operator and how to transform columns into rows using the Unpivot operator. By mastering these techniques, we can unlock the full potential of our data and gain valuable insights.

As you delve deeper into the world of SQL, remember to leverage the power of Pivot and Unpivot to optimize your data analysis. Experiment with different scenarios and explore the possibilities they offer.

Keep pivoting and unpivoting, and let your data reveal its hidden stories.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *